BOTOX is a therapeutic muscle-relaxing agent that works at motor nerve endings (nerves that lead to muscles). It is in a class of drugs called neurotoxins. When considering neurotoxin therapy,BOTOX is a novel therapeutic agent derived from the bacterium, Clostridium Botulinum. Also known as Botulinum Toxin Type A, the brand BOTOX is produced in controlled laboratory conditions and given in extremely small therapeutic doses. BOTOX is indicated for the treatment of blepharospasm associated with dystonia in patients 12 years of age and above. BOTOX is being investigated for several conditions associated with overactive muscle activity, known as spasticity due to post strokes, spinal cord injury, brain injury and cerebral palsy.
It is also used in overactive muscle activity in myofascial pain. BOTOX works to block the release of acetylcholine and, as a result, the muscle doesn't receive the message to contract. This means that the muscle spasms stop or are greatly reduced, providing predictable and reliable relief from symptoms. Effects of reducing pain and spasticity usually begin to dissipate within a few days and maximum effect is reached within 2 weeks. The effects can last up to six months.
Symptoms may vary throughout the course of the condition, and so the degree of relief and duration of effect varies from person to person. All medications have some side effects. With BOTOX?, side effects are usually transient and mild to moderate in nature. Some people notice temporary weakness of muscles or discomfort at the injection site. Other less common side effects may include low grade fever, or flu-like symptoms for the first 24 hours. If you have any questions regarding the use of BOTOX? treatment, please consult your physician.